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Kilim Motifs

Here are the motifs that we used in our products. They are some of the most common products appear on the traditional carpets and rugs.

Wolf’s Mouth

The motif “Wolf’s Mouth” is also known as wolf’s trace or monster mouth. This motif is stylized wolf mouth and wolfs foot shape. Wolves are symbols of optimism and protection. As they can see well in darkness, its believed that they represent light and sun. Wolf's mouth is a protection motif in Anatolian weavings.

Similar to understandings in modern day psychology, Turkish people chose to embrace and go through their fears rather than avoiding them. The old people, using this method, have carried a piece from wolf, scorpion or snake on them. They thought it would protect them when they carried wolves' fur, scorpions' tail, snakeskin, and so on.

Hence they used motifs such as wolves on their daily furniture and believed that this would protect them from wild animals. In areas where animal husbandry is intense, this motif is frequently found in kilim weavings.

 

Hands on Hips

The basic design is a stylized female. It is the symbol of motherhood and fertility. It represents the woman's femininity. It also symbolizes productivity, abundance, luck, kismet, happiness, and joy. It is also said that the Mother goddess figurine, which dates back to the past, was symbolized with this motif in Anatolia.

Scientific determinations show that worshipping the powerful woman who gave birth has begun in Mesopotamia during 7000-8000 BC. years. Excavations in Anatolia revealed that Anatolian history was contemporary with Mesopotamia. During that period people worshiped the Mother goddess. As they had not figured out the role of males in reproduction, they saw it as an ability of women. The Mother goddess, seen as a symbol of fertility and reproduction, was named by various names such as Cybele, Hera, Atena, Leto, Ishtar, Artemis, Hepa, Isis in other cultures as well.

It is an important argument that Hand on Hips motifs used in today's weavings are influenced and shaped by the Anatolian cult of the Mother goddess and the human motifs brought by the Turks from Central Asia.

 

Bird

People of Anatolia reflected their interactions with birds sometimes by embellishing their carpets with the motifs of dragon's head, sometimes by making double-headed birds on their holy sites and sometimes by putting a feather in their hairs. The beak of the bird, wing, and claw were stylized separately and became part of the daily life of Anatolian people.

In Anatolian symbolism, the bird has many meanings. Even though sometimes it suggests love or lover, it can also be the soul of a dead person. The bird is identified as the woman. It is sacred. It is longing. It is an expectation of good news. It represents strength and power.

In addition, Eagle has been the symbol of many civilizations established in Anatolia.  It is regarded as a sacred animal that represents the sky, foretell future events, and takes the souls to the otherworld.

 

Scorpion

Scorpion motif is considered a symbol that protects life. The Anatolian people tried to protect themselves against scorpion by using its motif in the same way they used amulets to stop the evil eye. Indeed, to protect themselves against this animal, people have been carrying jewelry shaped similar to scorpion or scorpion tail. For the same purpose, scorpion figures are also weaved on the carpets and rugs.

According to legend, Scorpio says: “I am neither a natural soul nor a devil.  I bring death to anyone who touches me. I have two horns and a tail. My horns are called ruthlessness and hate, and my tail is a dagger.  I only give birth once. Birth, which is a sign of fertility in other creatures, is a sign of death for me.”

The scorpion, waiting to kill in ambush at any moment, is a symbol of malice and fight without any reason. Anatolian people use scorpion motifs in their carpets and rugs against harmful creatures in their houses.

 

Love and Unification:

It is also called Knotted with Love, Lover, Embraced or Companionship. This motif is similar to the Ying-Yang symbol, which is referred to as the love and unison motif as it is in the Far East. It is also said that it points to harmony, unity, and productivity between men and women.

 

Star

 

According to some ancient geographers, the earth was divided into seven climates. It was thought that there was a connection between the seven climates and the seven planets, with each climate was ruled by one planet.

Because of the perception of the sky and earth as inseparable parts, they believed that for every terrestrial thing, a celestial counterpart was created. As celestial symbols, stars are considered to be the eyes of the sky.

For old Central Asian Turks, the sky was the Tengri, which represents their greatest Divinity. The sun, planets, and stars have been a great place in the beliefs of the Anatolian people. According to some beliefs, there is a cosmological fate link between stars and people. There is a star in the sky that represents every human being, and whenever a falling star passes it means that one died.

The illustrations of planets and stars add a special meaning and a cosmological dimension to the artworks. The star motif, which is one of the indispensable elements of ornamentation, has been extensively processed especially on carpets and rugs.

It is also accepted that the star motifs symbolize perfection, dignity, and power, with mystical and cosmological content, which represents the Seal of Prophet Solomon. The octagonal or eight-arm Star is also eight auspicious signs of the Buddha's faith. It is also said that the star symbolizes happiness and abundance.

 

Ram’s Horn

 

Ram’s Horn is a symbol of fertility, good luck, fortune, happiness, long life, heroism, and power. The Ram’s horn motif embody productivity, efficiency, heroism, and power of men. It is mostly used in Anatolian Culture with Hand on Hips motif.

Horn symbol has always represented power in Anatolia. Ram’s Horn has been identified with the men who were portrayed as the symbol of power in human history.

Horn motif is stylized like a spiral or crescent by using the shape of the ram from different aspects.

 

 

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